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What is Azoospermia?

by sana javeed

Infertility problems are one of the major family issues. It usually leads to harmful societal issues. Study shows that 15% of infertility problems in men are due to azoospermia. Although curable if not treated azoospermia can lead to testicular cancer if remains untreated for a long period of time.

What is Azoospermia?

Azoospermia is an infertility disorder that affects men. In this condition, no sperm is present in a man’s ejaculate. It can be caused by a number of reasons major one of these days being a sedentary lifestyle. The other causes of azoospermia include vasectomy, genetic/hormonal disorders, damage to sperm production/delivery system, undescended testicles, obstruction in epididymis due to trauma or injury, etc. Azoospermia is classified into two types, obstructive and non-obstructive azoospermia.

Types of Azoospermia

There are two types of Azoospermia:

  1. Obstructive Azoospermia: In this type of azoospermia, sperm is obstructed from traveling to the semen. It usually happens because of blockage in the reproductive tract. There are no such symptoms of this type but if the pain is felt while ejaculation then you should get your semen analysis.
  2. Non-obstructive Azoospermia: In this type of azoospermia low or no sperm is produced in the body owing to abnormalities in sperm growth. It is more severe as compared to obstructive azoospermia. It can be caused by various reasons such as, varicocele, genetic disorders, hormonal imbalances, chromosomal abnormalities, etc.

How is Azoospermia Treated?

Azoospermia is curable. There are several azoospermia treatments available depending upon its type and severity. A number of remedies can be used for azoospermia treatment such as exercise, lifestyle changes, etc. In case of severe azoospermia, hormonal therapy and surgery is usually recommended by doctors. However, azoospermia should be treated as soon as possible as long-term azoospermia can lead to more severe conditions.

For non-obstructive azoospermia, various treatments are present such as,

  • Vasovasostomy (VV).
  • Vasoepididymostomy (VE).
  • Transurethral Resection of Prostrate, etc.
  • IVF / ICSI when the azoospermic man desires to achieve fatherhood, in which case the infertility specialists extract sperm from testicles and inject the healthy one into the cytoplasm of the egg for it to be fertilized. Then he transfers the embryo back to the uterus to achieve pregnancy.

Australian Concept’s Infertility Clinic is one of the largest infertility clinics in Pakistan. We offer the Best IVF Center in Multan along with many other treatments. We have also treated a number of azoospermic men successfully. In other cases, we have also aided azoospermic men in achieving fatherhood through IVF / ICSI.

What should one do after Azoospermia Treatment?

After azoospermia treatment, you will not face any complexities as such. But if you face any of the following conditions, you should visit your infertility specialist:

  • Extreme Fatigue.
  • Pain in testicles.
  • Unusual / Abnormal discharge.

Most of the diseases today, especially infertility, are due to sedentary lifestyles. That’s why after getting your azoospermia treated you should adopt a healthy lifestyle and give up your unhealthy habits.

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