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History and Significance of Raksha Bandhan Festival in Hindu Calendar

by divyakumari244402

The most well-known celebrations of people of the Hindu group, Raksha Bandhan can be described as the day that honors the bonds between brothers and sister. In English the word ‘ Raksha Bandhan means ‘the bond of protection, obligation , or care’. In accordance with the Hindu calendar, the festival of Raksha Bandhan occurs on the final day in the lunar month Shravan. The year 2022 will be the one in which Raksha Bandhan will be observed on August 11th (Thursday); Muhurat to tie Rakhi is set to take place from 10:38 AM to 07:05 am.

Raksha Bandhan History and Significance

The history of Raksha Bandhan dates back as far as the time of the gods and goddesses. According to a legend that is popular, Draupadi tied a piece of cloth to Krishna’s wrist after his finger was injured when he was fighting to kill the wicked King Shishupal. Krishna was in turn offered to guard her.

Medieval history contains a different version of a brother’s vow to his younger sister. In the midst of a siege from Bahadur Shah of Gujarat, Rani Karnavati of Mewar sent the Rakhi to the Emperor Humayun and sought assistance from Humayun. In awe of the gesture, the Mughal ruler resigned his military expedition and went to aid the queen without delay.

At the time of the Partition of Bengal in 1905, Rabindranath Tagore started Rakhi Mahotsav, a major Raksha Bandhan festival, to create a sense of unity and affection in the relationship between Hindus as well as Muslims from Bengal. It is said that he began this tradition to counter the attempts to British authorities British in creating a gap between different communities.

Raksha Bandhan Celebrations throughout India

In this celebration, the girl applies the tilak of her husband’s forehead. She then performs his aarti and then wraps an Rakhi to his wrist to mark their bond of love. In return, the brother offers special presents to his sister and promises to care for her and be there for her in any circumstance.

In people belonging to the Rajasthani or Marwari communities in India, there is a tradition to tie the word ‘Lumba Rakhi on the bangles of the wife of their brother. The belief is that because the wife is thought to be the best half this ritual is incomplete without her. Additionally, she is expected to take on the responsibility of husband to protect the health of his spouse. This tradition is rapidly getting to other Indian communities too.

Places to Observe Raksha Bandhan in India

  • Delhi
  • Haryana
  • Punjab
  • Uttar Pradesh

Other Holidays in August 2021

Event / Festival Day / Date Holiday Type
Independence Day Monday 15-Aug-2022 Gazetted Holiday
Parsi New Year’s Day (Nauraz) Tuesday 16-Aug-2022 Public Holiday
Muharram (Ashura) Tuesday 9-Aug-2022 Gazetted Holiday
Onam Tuesday 30-Aug-2022 Restricted Holiday
Janmashtami (Vaishnav) Friday 19-Aug-2022 Gazetted Holiday
Ganesh Chaturthi Wednesday 31-Aug-2022 Restricted Holiday

Year-Wise Raksha Bandhan Observances


YEAR DAY DATE Event/Festival
2015 Sat 29-Aug Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)
2016 Thu 18-Aug Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)
2017 Mon 7-Aug Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)
2018 Sun 26-Aug Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)
2019 Thu 15-Aug Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)
2020 Mon 3-Aug Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)
2021 Sun 22-Aug Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)
2022 Thur 11-Aug Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)
2023 Wed 30-Aug Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)
2024 Mon 19-Aug Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)
2025 Sat 9-Aug Raksha Bandhan (Rakhi)

Final Words

Raksha Bandhan festival is observed during Shravana month in the month of the full moon or Purnima day. The ideal timing for tying Rakhi to someone on Raksha Bandhan will be during Aparahna which is the time of late afternoon, according the Hindu calendar. If Aparahna time isn’t accessible, and you are not able to find it, then Pradosh timing is a good option for rituals associated with Raksha Bandhan.

Raksha Bandhan rituals should not be conducted in Bhadra. Bhadra is a shady time that must be avoided at any auspicious activity. Many Hindu sacred texts, like Vratraj suggest to stay clear of Bhadra when it is the best time when you tie Rakhi on the Raksha Bandhan celebration.

It is important to note that Bhadra is predominant during the early part of Purnima Tithi. Therefore, one must be patient and wait until Bhadra to pass before beginning any work that is believed to be auspicious. It is believed that in North India it is customary to tie Rakhi early in the morning, but this may not be the best time to tie it. The Drik Panchang team believes it could be due to inexperience. If such information is readily available , it is best not to tie Rakhi at Bhadra.

Certain sources suggest avoiding Bhadra Mukha and instead perform a Rakhi ceremony on Bhadra Punchha if it has to be performed in Bhadra early in the morning. Our team was however unsuccessful in finding any authoritative source to support this idea.


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